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Planning Permission

Planning permission is required to install a wind turbine in Wales or Northern Ireland. Contact your local authority for details.
In England and Scotland, a domestic wind turbine may be classified as Permitted Development, in which case planning permission will not be needed. However, the criteria are complex, and very different in England from Scotland, so we recommend that you contact your local planning office at an early stage to check whether planning is required.

A useful guide: Small Wind Planning Guidance pdf may be downloaded here

Planning Policy Statement 22: Renewable Energy

PPS22 replaces Planning Policy Guidance note (PPG) 22. Is essentially a directive from central to local government to look favourably on renewable energy projects where no inconvenience to the local community occurs.

It sets out the Government's planning policies for renewable energy, which planning authorities should have regard to when preparing local development documents and when taking planning decisions.

1. Regional planning bodies and local planning authorities should adhere to the following key principles in their approach to planning for renewable energy:

(i) Renewable energy developments should be capable of being accommodated throughout England in locations where the technology is viable and environmental, economic, and social impacts can be addressed satisfactorily.

(ii) Regional spatial strategies and local development documents should contain policies designed to promote and encourage, rather than restrict, the development of renewable energy resources. Regional planning bodies and local planning authorities should recognise the full range of renewable energy sources, their differing characteristics, local requirements and the potential for exploiting them subject
to appropriate environmental safeguards.

(iii) At the local level, planning authorities should set out the criteria that will be applied in assessing applications for planning permission for renewable energy projects. Planning policies that rule out or place constraints on the development of all, or specific types of, renewable energy technologies should not be included in regional spatial strategies or local development documents without sufficient reasoned justification. The Government may intervene in the plan making process where it considers that the constraints being proposed by local authorities are too great or have been poorly justified.

(iv) The wider environmental and economic benefits of all proposals for renewable energy projects, whatever their scale, are material considerations that should be given significant weight in determining whether proposals should be granted planning permission.

(v) Regional planning bodies and local planning authorities should not make assumptions about the technical and commercial feasibility of renewable energy
projects (e.g. identifying generalised locations for development based on mean wind speeds). Technological change can mean that sites currently excluded as locations for particular types of renewable energy development may in future be suitable.

pdf National Planning Policies PPS22 Renewable Energy

Permitted Development


From 1st December 2011, wind turbines mounted on domestic buildings will be considered Permitted Development provided they meet certain criteria.
For building-mounted turbines, the criteria include:

  • the house is detached
  • the top of the turbine blades is no more than three metres above the top of the house, or 15 metres above the ground
  • all of the turbine is at least five metres from the edge of the householder's property.

For pole-mounted turbines, the criteria include:

  • the top of the turbine is no more than 11.1 metres above ground
  • all of the turbine is at least 1.1 times the height of the turbine away from the edge of the householder's property.

And for both types of turbine:

  • there is no other wind turbine and no air source heat pump on the site
  • the bottom of the blades is at least five metres above ground
  • the turbine's swept area is no more than 3.8 m2
  • the site is not on land safeguarded for aviation or defence purposes (use the tool on the Planning Portal website to check this).

These lists are not comprehensive, and additional criteria apply if the turbine is in a conservation are, World Heritage Site or similar. Read the full legislation at the government's legislation website, or contact your local planning office for guidance.
All the turbines in the table below will currently require a formal application for planning permission due to their height and swept area.


In Scotland, a building-mounted wind turbine requires planning permission, but other domestic-scale machines are considered permitted development unless:

  • it would result in the presence within the curtilage of a dwelling of more than one free-standing wind turbine
  • the wind turbine would be situated less than 100 metres from the curtilage of another dwelling
  • the turbine would be within a conservation area, a World Heritage site, a site of special scientific interest, or a site of archaeological interest or within the curtilage of a listed building. 

In addition, before beginning the development the developer must apply to the planning authority for:

  • the approval of the authority in respect of the design and size of the proposed wind turbine; and
  • a determination as to whether the prior approval of the authority will be required in respect of the siting and external appearance of the proposed wind turbine

The application also needs to be accompanied by a range of other information and a number of other conditions apply. Download a PDF of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (Domestic Microgeneration) (Scotland) Amendment Order 2010 for full details.
This legislation is under review, so please contact your local authority to check the position before installing a turbine.
Our in-house planning team will apply on your behalf for planning permission, we have twenty years of experience in applying for planning permissions, a fee is charged for this part of the service as there are no guarantees with planning and our involvement in this part of the process is time consuming. A typical fee is a £170 application fee, payable to the local authority (householder application), and £330 for a commercial full planning application on submission for processing your application, and a £350.00 admin fee. The fee payable to Solar Energy Alliance Ltd UK is for preparing the standard planning application, inclusive of ordnance survey extract and copyright fee, planning application forms, completed scaled drawings of the turbine and its location on the site, standard planning data from RSPB, English Nature, and Manufacturers technical literature. What is not included is for a scale drawing showing the turbine relative to the adjoining buildings, if this is required a separate fee will be charged, this is due to the fact that the turbine could be next to a building or structure taking several hours to measure and record. Please check Government Planning Portal for further information :

Planning application support, SEA will submit your planning application for you and provide data as below.

  • Photo montages.
  • Noise reports.
  • Visual impact maps & plans.
  • Environmental statements.
  • Identification of special land use such as nature reserves, radar installations or airports.
  • Site details such cable routes and access routes.


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If you would like some more specific advice on what renewable system is suitable for you please get in 
Tel: 01502 515532
8/9 Battery Green Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, NR32 1DE



Contact us for a free quotation or If you have any questions please get in touch:
Solar Energy Alliance Ltd.
Tel: 01502 515532
8/9 Battery Green Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, NR32 1DE We do not use sales staff, your site survey will be carried out by our Energy Performance Assessor who will give you advice, talk you through your options, take measurements and asses roof suitability or any shading issues. He will also be able to give advice about (EPCs) Energy Performance Certificates. He will then compile a detailed quotation which will be posted or emailed to you, we will not try to sell you a system at your home and we do not use high pressure sales. We believe in presenting information, answering questions and leaving you to make up your own mind.


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